The 20 worst mass killings in history

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There are many instances in history which are categorized as ‘mass killings’. Mass killing, genocide and massacre are the terms which describe these brutal killings of individuals.  These terrible acts were conducted by fascist dictators, cruel regimes and notorious militants. Below we have compiled a list of such mind-numbing brutal instances in history with a staggering amount of deaths.

Read about the 20 worst mass killings in history.

1) Chairman Mao Zedong killed an estimated 15- 55 million people during China’s “Great Leap Forward” campaign from 1958–1962.

A picture of Chairman Mao Zedong-worst mass killings in history

2) Joseph Stalin, the dictator of the USSR from 1929–1953, is believed to have killed between 20- 60 million people.

A picture of Stalins' fallen head- worst mass killings in history

3) Romans liked watching people killing other people – in one single event itself 10,000 people were killed in Rome’s Colosseum!

A picture of a gladiator battle

4) The number of Chinese killed by the Japanese during WWII is greater than the number of Jews killed in the Holocaust.

A picture of the Japanese- Chinese War-worst mass killings in history

5) The Mongols killed so many that Iran’s population did not reach its pre-Mongol levels until the mid-20th century.

A picture of Mongols

6) Cambodia’s brutal dictator, Pol Pot killed nearly 1.4- 2.8 million people under his regime.

A picture of child labour

7) Russians killed more Nazis in the Battle of Stalingrad alone than they were killed during the entire WWII by America.

A picture of soldiers

8) Organised by Queen Catherine De’ Medici of France, the St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre caused the death of 5,000 to 30,000 French protestants.

A picture of St. Bartholomew's Day massacre- worst mass killings in history

9) One of the worst killings in history was done by the Ottoman Empire. During the mid-1800s they were behind the killing of 80,000 to 300,000 Armenians.

A picture of Armenian Genocide

10) The German Wehrmacht and fellow Axis powers systematically killed between 70,000- 90,000 poles in the Wola suburb of Poland. This mass killing in history was directed by Adolf Hitler who had commanded the soldiers to ‘kill anything that moves’.

A picture of Hitler
(C: dpa dena/picture-alliance/dpa/AP Images)

11) Another one of the worst killings in history was the Nanking Massacre. The imperial Japanese troops were responsible for killing 40,000 to over 300,000 people in the Nanking city of China.

A picture of the Nanking Massacre-worst mass killings in history

12) The First Republic of Korea under President Syngman Rhee ordered the violent killing of people participating in the Jeju uprising. The South Korean government is responsible for the death of 14,000 to 30,000 people which was 10% of Jeju’s population at the time.

A picture of Jeju uprising
(C: liberation by Kang Yo-bae)

13) During the Korean War, the South Korean Government was responsible for the killing of 60,000– 1.1 million communists and those suspected of communism.

14) Another one of the worst killings in history were the Indonesian Mass Killings of 1965-66. The anti-communists of the Indonesian army were responsible for the deaths of 500,000 to more than 1 million people!

A picture of Indonesian Mass Killings of 1965-66- worst mass killings in history

15) Conducted by the Russian Empire, the 19th-century Circassian genocide is one of the worst killings in history. It is responsible for the death of 800,000– 1.5 million people.

16) During the Rwandan Civil War, the armed militia killed 500,000 to 600,000 members of the Tutsi ethnic group.

A picture of Rwandan rufugees
Rwandan refugees (c: Sebastiao Salgado)

17) The Ottoman Empire and the Turkish National Movement were responsible for the systematic killing of Christian Ottoman Greeks in Anatolia. The amount of people killed varies between 300,000– 900,000.

18) Another one of the worst killings in history was conducted by the Qing dynasty against the Mongol Dzungar people. The Qianlong Emperor was behind the death of 500,000 to 800,000 people which was 80% of the Dzungar population.

A picture of Dzungar prisoners who would later be killed -worst mass killings in history

19) Rebel forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo were responsible for the systematic killing of 60,000- 70,000 Bambuti pygmies. The horrifying operation was titled Effacer le tableau(erasing the board).

20) The last in our list of worst mass killings in history is the brutal killing of around 1.5 million Romani people by Adolf Hitler.

A picture of Romani People-worst mass killings in history

The above article cites some of the worst killings done by fascist dictators and rulers. Read about such 10 Crazy Rulers In History and their antics

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